Having these risk factors does not mean that you will definitely develop cancer. Men and women with HPV have an increased risk of developing anal cancer. For most people the virus causes no harm and goes away without treatment. There are many different types of HPV, most are harmless, some cause genital warts, and others can cause cancer. People who have anal intercourse or who have a greater number of sexual partners may also have an increased risk of anal cancer. This could be due to the increased risk of HPV infection.
The anal canal is a short tube surrounded by muscle at the end of your rectum. The rectum is the bottom section of your colon large intestine. When you have a bowel movement, stool leaves your body from the rectum through the anal canal. As the cancer grows, it may stay in nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body, a process called metastasis. Anal cancer starts in the cells around or just inside the anal opening. A person may be diagnosed with precancerous cells in the anal area.
Muscles anal sphincters that surround the anal canal relax to allow waste to leave your body. Anal cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum through which stool leaves your body. Most people with anal cancer are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Though combining anal cancer treatments increases the chance of a cure, the combined treatments also increase the risk of side effects.
If you're struggling to find what you need, call our Support line on 7 days a week, 8am-8pm. In the UK, about 1, people develop anal cancer each year. It is slightly more common in women than men.