Abstract Objectives To describe the design of the Million Women Study and the characteristics of the study population. Study design Population-based cohort study of women aged in the UK. Participants women were recruited between May and June , and it is planned that an additional will be recruited by the year Results The characteristics of the first women recruited into the Million Women Study are described here. Before they were screened 1.
The Million Women Study: design and characteristics of the study population
The million women study | University of Oxford
Search Menu Why was the cohort set up? The Million Women Study started recruiting participants over 20 years ago, in The initial stimulus was to obtain robust prospective information on the risk of breast cancer associated with use of different types of menopausal hormone therapy HT. In the early s use of HT increased rapidly in the UK and elsewhere, stimulated in part by claims that use of HT could improve general well-being and increase life expectancy.
Cancer country profiles Breast cancer Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women, impacting 2. While breast cancer rates are higher among women in more developed regions, rates are increasing in nearly every region globally. In order to improve breast cancer outcomes and survival, early detection is critical. There are two early detection strategies for breast cancer: early diagnosis and screening. Limited resource settings with weak health systems where the majority of women are diagnosed in late stages should prioritize early diagnosis programmes based on awareness of early signs and symptoms and prompt referral to diagnosis and treatment.
International Journal of Cancer ; : — Women with a family history of breast cancer have an increased risk of the disease. However, since they tend to experience greater surveillance for the disease, their breast cancers may be detected at an earlier stage, thus making it difficult to assess reliably whether tumour characteristics vary by family history.